Top tips for skin and hair care – ATV Today
Dermoiit is Scientific Director, Eve Casha, MSC in Pharmaceutical Formulation, provides the best advice for skin and hair care after menopause.
1) Boost collagen production with advanced skin care and skin supplements
Collagen is the main structural protein in the skin that keeps it strong and firm. After menopause, a decrease in estrogen is linked to a drop in the collagen content of the skin. Collagen drops at a rate of 2% per year, and it’s estimated that overall collagen can decline by up to 30% during the first 5 years of menopause. This drastic change reduces the elasticity of the skin, causing wrinkles and sagging. In addition, the skin begins to become thin.
Invest in advanced cosmeceuticals that can stimulate collagen production from cells called fibroblasts, these help preserve collagen and reduce wrinkles. Topical products containing vitamin A and peptide technologies or nutraceutical supplements containing bioavailable collagen peptides and vitamin C are scientifically proven to do just that.
2) Intensely hydrate skin with oil and water-based moisturizers
Estrogen helps maintain moisture levels in the skin. Indeed, it can increase the sebum levels of the skin through the regulation of growth factors. As estrogen drops after menopause, skin can become very dry and dull. There is a decrease in hydrophilic molecules in the dermis called glycosaminoglycans. These molecules bind and store water, and therefore it is common for post-menopausal skin to have low water content.
Topical treatments can provide the skin with glycosaminoglycan molecules or other water-binding actives to plump the skin and restore water content. Good examples are moisturizing serums containing multiple molecular weights of hyaluronic acid. Additionally, following hydrating serums with oil-based moisturizers with skin barrier repair lipids such as ceramides, fatty acids, or niacinamide will improve the skin’s ability to retain moisture.
3) Protect the skin with anti-inflammatory active ingredients
After menopause, the skin also has a reduced ability to defend itself against environmental stressors and may have a reduced ability to heal. The skin shows a decrease in the anti-inflammatory proteins TGF-B1 and IGF-1 and can often become chronically inflamed.
Antioxidants and anti-inflammatory actives such as vitamin C, vitamin E, glutathione, resveratrol, co-enzyme Q10 can help strengthen the skin’s defenses against environmental stressors and prevent inflammation . Additionally, such an active will help reduce existing inflammation to create a supple complexion.
Antioxidants can be unstable molecules and therefore must be formulated into sophisticated cosmeceutical formulations to preserve their potency. This can be done with topical skin care and skin supplements.
4) Stimulate the hair growth cycle with next generation technologies
Estrogen has the ability to act on the hair follicle. It can increase the hair growth phase of the hair cycle and decrease the resting phase. After menopause, when estrogen drops, it is very common to see thinning hair.
Next-generation hair care and hair supplements will use active ingredients that have been clinically proven to bind to the hair follicle and stimulate hair growth. Examples include pea sprout extracts that can influence hair growth gene expression, or advanced peptides such as dermatopoietin in Evenswiss which gives signals to the hair follicle from the surface of the skin.